Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine

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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Differences among the Groups

Intervention (n=30)

variable time CRS SS PNF F p
ROM-Fx Pre 166.14 171.99 170.34 ± 10.8 0.963 0.391
Post 175.12 176.26 174.08 ± 6.72 0.173 0.84
Follow-up 174.3 175.12 ± 11.33 177.62 ± 6.14 0.368 0.695
ROM-Ex Pre 51.98 ± 17.65 45.81 ± 11.44 48.88 ± 8.82 0.541 0.587
Post 55 ± 17.55 49.37 ± 9.33 51.23 ± 6.95 0.556 0.582
Follow-up 52.9 ± 12.27 49.64 ± 10.02 50.74 ± 7.37 0.272 0.76
ROM-Ab Pre 160.84 ± 14.78 167.86 ± 14.2 167.98 ± 13.85 0.819 0.457
Post 167.75 ± 19.26 172.11 ± 15.89 172.8 ± 9.73 0.316 0.737
Follow-up 166.85 ± 18.3 173.89 ± 16.3 173.28 ± 10.61 0.644 0.533
ROM-Ad Pre 44.1 ± 12.78 35.38 ± 8.78 30.82 ± 9.35 4.164 .020*13
Post 55.2 ± 20.71 45.2 ± 14.39 36.11 ± 8.55 3.859 .033*13
Follow-up 50.51 ± 16.32 45.22 ± 15.86 37.5 ± 7.7 2.221 0.122
ROM-ER Pre 96.63 ± 15.11 104.44 ± 7.61 102.12 ± 7.71 1.435 0.253
Post 101.66 ± 16.31 107.65 ± 11.08 109.44 ± 7.26 1.126 0.331
Follow-up 104.24 ± 17.91 110.26 ± 5.76 110.26 ± 11.36 0.754 0.488
ROM-IR Pre 62.4 ± 15.07 59.03 ± 23.59 49.51 ± 9.81 1.523 0.236
Post 67.74 ± 19.61 64.76 ± 21.08 53.3 ± 9.09 1.914 0.163
Follow-up 64.22 ± 20.29 64.07 ± 19.28 52.72 ± 10.86 1.442 0.256
ET-Fx Pre 8.63 ± 6.11 9.65 ± 3.92 7.17 ± 3.09 0.742 0.485
Post 9.81 ± 5.48 7.01 ± 7.04 5.91 ± 5.06 1.158 0.33
Follow-up 7.87 ± 1.54 6.27 ± 2.44 6.03 ± 3.88 1.275 0.298
ET-Ab Pre 8.94 ± 4.27 12.15 ± 6.91 13.1 ± 5.05 1.551 0.234
Post 8.23 ± 3.03 8.86 ± 3.8 6.81 ± 2.28 1.145 0.338
Follow-up 11.6 ± 7.3 8.9 ± 4.74 6.34 ± 3.11 2.429 0.108
Me Pre 54.1 ± 6.79 53.4 ± 4.02 55.92 ± 12.57 0.236 0.793
Post 59.86 ± 6.68 57.34 ± 4.23 61.47 ± 12.82 0.563 0.57
Follow-up 59.76 ± 6.62 59.76 ± 6.62 59.65 ± 11.57 0.225 0.796
SL Pre 67.84 ± 9.3 63.73 ± 9.12 65.9 ± 11.24 0.423 0.653
Post 71.57 ± 8.95 71.94 ± 5.83 70.72 ± 10.82 0.056 0.954
Follow-up 70.7 ± 9.97 70.93 ± 6.75 68.83 ± 12.61 0.139 0.872
IL Pre 88.4 ± 11.15 94.66 ± 14.44 90.89 ± 7.53 0.766 0.476
Post 91.64 ± 12.04 104.05 ± 12.19 96.4 ± 11.69 2.731 0.088
Follow-up 91.19 ± 12.77 101.37 ± 13.17 93.47 ± 11.53 1.826 0.181
SONO Pre 8.61 ± 2.6 10.49 ± 2.39 11.54 ± 1.85 4.146 .020*13
Post 9.71 ± 2.55 11.38 ± 2.24 13.43 ± 2.71 5.501 .011*13
Follow-up 10.66 ± 2.28 10.93 ± 3.38 12.75 ± 2.22 1.794 0.182

* p < .05 (Mean ± SD), CRS: complex rotational stretching group, SS: static stretching group, PNF: proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation group ROM: range of motion ET: error test, SONO: sonography, (Fx, Flxion), (Ex, Extension), (Ab, Abduction), (Ad, Adduction), (ER, External rotation), (IR, Internal rotation), (ME, Medial), (SL, Superiolateral), (IL, Inferiolateral), (1, CRS), (2, SS), (3, PNF)

J Korean Soc Phys Med 2022;17:49-61 https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2022.17.1.49
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