Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine

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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Pre-post changes in OLS test

Variables Group Pre Post Change t p Effect size
Surface BCG 131.93 ± 42.33 51.93 ± 22.59 80.00 ± 25.00 10.121* .000* 6.401

BEG 118.80 ± 51.70 83.27 ± 45.52 35.53 ± 24.00 4.682 .001* 2.961

GEG 106.13 ± 48.89 86.03 ± 43.87 20.10 ± 9.31 6.831 .000* 4.320

F 22.540*

P .000*

effect size 2.147

Speed BCG 1.43 ± .33 1.10 ± .22 .33 ± .30 3.500 .007* 2.213

BEG 1.43 ± .50 1.19 ± .43 .24 ± .25 3.008 .015* 1.902

GEG 1.50 ± .43 1.33 ± .37 .16 ± .27 1.864 .095 1.179

F .979

P .389

effect size .331

Length BCG 9.77 ± 3.32 3.55 ± .70 6.23 ± .3.01 6.445 .000* 4.076

BEG 9.23 ± 4.60 5.14 ± 2.06 4.08 ± 2.84 4.546 .001* 2.875

GEG 8.74 ± 3.43 7.81 ± 2.87 .93 ± .78 3.753 .005* 2.374

F 11.819

P .000*

effect size .877

BGG: balance exercise and gaze stabilization exercise group

BEG: balance exercise group

GEG: gaze stabilization exercise group

Mean (± standard deviation)

*p < .05

J Korean Soc Phys Med 2024;19:1-16 https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2024.19.2.1
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