Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine

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Table. 4.

Table. 4.

Pre-post changes in SST

Variables Group Pre Post Change t p Effect size
Speed BCG 3.13 ± 1.91 2.47 ± 2.10 .66 ± 1.02 –2.051 .070 1.297

BEG 3.80 ± 3.87 3.17 ± 3.00 .63 ± 1.47 –1.355 .209 .857

GEG 2.34 ± .47 1.80 ± .40 .54 ± .38 –4.467 .002* 2.825

F .037

P .964

effect size .029

Length BCG 12.94 ± 2.68 7.99 ± 1.45 4.96 ± 2.32 –6.769 .000* 4.281

BEG 12.32 ± 5.28 6.20 ± 2.85 6.13 ± 3.72 –5.207 .001* 3.293

GEG 9.06 ± 4.46 7.41 ± 3.62 1.65 ± 1.89 –2.756 .022* 1.743

F 7.111

P .003*

effect size .425

BGG: balance exercise and gaze stabilization exercise group

BEG: balance exercise group

GEG: gaze stabilization exercise group

Mean (± standard deviation)

*p < .05

J Korean Soc Phys Med 2024;19:1-16 https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2024.19.2.1
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