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Comparison of Effects of Abdominal Stabilization Exercise with Stabilizer and GymBall on Respiratory Muscle Activation
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2018;13(3):11-17
Published online August 31, 2018;
© 2018 Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Su-Min Lee⋅Myung-Chul Kim1⋅Chung-Joa Ahn⋅So-Ra Moon

Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Health Science, Eulji University,
1Department of Physical Therapy, Eulji University
Received April 3, 2018; Revised April 3, 2018; Accepted May 27, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of abdominal stabilization exercise with Stabilizer and Gymball.
METHODS: The participants were divided randomly into 2 groups each of 20 participants in the gymball exercise group and 20 participants in the exercise group. The changes of respiratory muscle activity between the two groups were measured three times a week for 4 weeks. The activity of rectus abdominis and internal oblique was measured using surface EMG to measure respiratory muscle activity. The training was repeated five sets, and one set was repeated 6 times with one 10 second exercise and 5 second rest.
RESULTS: The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference in the amount of respiratory accessory muscle activation, inspiratory pressure, respiratory minute volume at the experimental group with stabilizer and control group with gymball exercise. Between-group difference was statistically significant only for rectus abdominis muscle activation.
CONCLUSION: Both the stabilizer and the gymball exercises were effective in improving the respiratory rate but there was no difference between the two groups. Also, when comparing activity of muscle in both group, both groups were effective in improving and more effective than improvement of muscular activity of stabilizer in muscle of stabilizer.
Keywords : Gymball, Respiration, Stabilizer

August 2018, 13 (3)
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