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Effectiveness of Breathing Exercises on Spinal Posture, Mobility and Stabilization in Patients with Lumbar Instability
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2018;13(3):81-89
Published online August 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2018.13.3.81
© 2018 Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Jim-Yi Kang, PT, MS⋅Dong-Kwon Seo, PT, PhD⋅Ju-Chul Cho, PT, MS1⋅Byoung-Kwon Lee, PT, PhD

Department of Physical Therapy, Konyang University
1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Wellciti Hospital
Received March 1, 2018; Revised April 25, 2018; Accepted May 24, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to monitor the performance of breathing exercises by patients with lumbar instability who had altered breathing patterns.
METHODS: To investigate the effects of breathing exercises on spinal posture, mobility, and stabilization in patients with lumbar instability with altered breathing patterns, 30 adult participants were enrolled on the basis of the selection criteria and randomly assigned to the breathing exercise group (BEG) or trunk stabilization exercise group (SEG). A pre-test was performed prior to the intervention exercise program. The intervention exercise program consisted of 15 sessions (three sessions per week for 5 weeks) between August and September of 2016. The post-test was performed on the 6th week of intervention.
RESULTS: Pre- and post-test comparisons of BEG and SEG revealed significant improvements in all tested items in the SEG, except for spinal mobility, while significant improvements in spinal postures 1 and 2, spinal mobility, and stabilization were found in the BEG. Between-group comparisons revealed that there were no significant differences in spinal posture 1, spinal posture 2, spinal mobility, or stabilization, whereas significant differences were found in spinal posture 2 and spinal mobility, with the BEG showing greater improvements than the SEG.
CONCLUSION: Based on the findings in the present study, it is believed that breathing exercises have important effects on spinal posture, mobility, and stabilization in patients with lumbar instability who have altered breathing patterns.
Keywords : Breathing exercise, Lumbar instability, Trunk stabilization


August 2018, 13 (3)
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