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Comparison of Exercise Intensity of Strengthening Exercise Program for Stroke Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus
J korean soc phys med 2018;13(4):105-112
Published online November 30, 2018;
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Dong-Gyu Kim, PT, BSc⋅Yu-Ran Choi, PT, MSc1⋅Yong-Jun Cha, PT, Ph.D2†

Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Health and Medicine, Daejeon University
1Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Daejeon University
2Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Medical Science, Daejeon University
Received October 9, 2018; Revised October 10, 2018; Accepted November 6, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PURPOSE: Strengthening training is effective at improving the function of stroke patients. This study was conducted to compare the effects of exercise intensity on walking, balancing ability, and blood glucose in stroke patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to suggest more effective exercise intensity for stroke patients.
METHODS: Twenty-two patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into an experimental group (n=11) and a control group (n=11). In the experimental group, a 40-70% strength of 1RM exercise program was applied for 40 minutes a day, three times a week for 4 weeks. The control group received a 50% intensity of 1RM for the same number and duration of interventions as the experimental group.
RESULTS: Both the experimental group and the control group showed significant improvement in the gait function, balance ability, and blood glucose level after the intervention compared to before the intervention. In the FGA (functional gait assessment), the experimental group showed a 52.4% greater increase than the control group, and the fasting blood glucose level was 16.7% greater in the experimental group than the control group.
CONCLUSION: The strengthening exercise program, which gradually increases exercise intensity, seems to be effective at improving the function of stroke patients with type 2 diabetes.
Keywords : Diabetes mellitus, Strength training, Stroke

November 2018, 13 (4)
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