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Analysis of the Correlation between Activity of the Suprahyoid Muscles, Infrahyoid Muscles and the New VFSS Scale in Stroke Patients with Dysphagia
J korean soc phys med 2018;13(4):19-25
Published online November 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2018.13.4.19
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Hyun-Jin Lee, OT, PhD⋅Kyoung-Don Kim, PT, PhD1†

Department of Occupational Therapy, Kyungwoon University
1Department of Physical Therapy, Dongju College
Received July 4, 2018; Revised July 9, 2018; Accepted August 22, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between the activity of suprahyoid muscles, infrahyoid muscles and swallowing ability in stroke patients with dysphagia.
METHODS: The subjects of this study were 120 patients who were diagnosed with CT or MRI stroke and had swallowing disorder at Daegu Metropolitan General Hospital from August 2014 to February 2017. The suprahyoid and infrahyoid muscle activity was measured in patients with dysphagia and the new videofluoroscopy swallowing studies scale (new VFSS scale) was used for evaluation of swallowing function. Correlation analysis was conducted using the measured data.
RESULTS: The activities of suprahyoid muscles were 325.8 (%RVC) on average, while the average infrahyoid muscle activity was 302.65 (%RVC) and the average value of the new VFSS scale was 31.52. The total for oral organs was 3.62 on average and that for pharynx organs was 28.30 on average. The activity of the suprahyoid muscles showed a significant positive correlation with the activity of the infrahyoid muscles, but a significant negative correlation with the total oral phase, total pharyngeal phase and total new VFSS scale (p<.01). The activity of the infrahyoid muscles showed a significant negative correlation with the total oral phase, total pharyngeal phase, and total new VFSS (p<.01).
CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study, it is necessary for researchers to consider the infrahyoid and suprahyoid muscles when conducting swallowing rehabilitation.
Keywords : Dysphagia, Stroke, Swallowing


November 2018, 13 (4)
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