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Feasibility Test of Smartphone Application for Activity Daily Living by Chronic Stroke Patients
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2019;14(1):151-161
Published online February 28, 2019;
© 2019 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Chae-won Jung⋅Yo-Han Song⋅Hyun-Min Lee1†

1Major in Physical Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School of Honam University
1Department of Physical Therapy, Honam University
Received January 21, 2018; Revised January 22, 2018; Accepted January 28, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PURPOSE: To investigate the validity of a smartphone application for post-stroke daily living activity management based on an evaluation by users and experts.
METHODS: The study design adhered to the analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation ADDIE (Analysis-Design-Development-Implement-Evaluation) model. We downloaded the application onto the smartphones of 33 users and 30 experts, taught them how to use it, and asked them to use the application for four weeks. The users’ daily lives before and after using the application were compared based on the K-MBI (Korean Version of Modified Barthel Index) to evaluate the usability of the application. For the expert group, we investigated the content validity and reliability of the application and evaluated the usability of the application. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0 software. Users’ general characteristics and experts’ evaluation scores were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Content validity was tested using the content validity index (CVI), and reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha. Users’ K-MBI scores before and after using the application were compared with the paired sample t-test.
RESULTS: Users gave an average rating of 2.93 out of 4 for the application for managing the daily lives of stroke patients, while experts gave an average score of 3.14. With regard to the K-MBI scores, only the dressing score improved significantly (p<.005) after using the application, and scores for other categories slightly improved but not to significant levels.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that the STROKECARE application is usable and could help stroke patients manage their daily lives.
Keywords : Activity daily living, Application, Feasibility test, Stroke

February 2019, 14 (1)
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