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Effects of a Vestibular Stimulation Training Program on the Gait of Chronic Stroke Patients
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2019;14(1):35-41
Published online February 28, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2019.14.1.35
© 2019 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Ki-Won Nam, PT, PhD⋅Jae-Chung Go, PT, MS1⋅Yong-Pil Yang, PT, PhD

Dept. of Physical Therapy, Dongshin University
1MediSPA Center of Dongshin University
Received October 30, 2018; Revised November 5, 2018; Accepted January 10, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a vestibular stimulation training program on the walking ability of chronic stroke patients over a six month period.
METHODS: Forty stroke patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided randomly into a control group (n=20) and experimental group (n=20). A general exercise program was applied to Group I and vestibular stimulation training was applied to Group Ⅱ(30 min, three times a week for six weeks). The changes in straight walking ability, curved walking ability, and functional walking ability were measured using a 10 m walking test figure-ofeight- walking test, and dynamic gait index, respectively. The measures before and after the program were compared using a paired t-test for a comparison of each group and an independent t-test for a comparison between groups.
RESULTS: The changes in each group were examined according to the measurement period. The Experimental group showed significant functional improvement in all three tests after the vestibular stimulation training program, but the control group did not show significant improvement in any of the tests after the general exercise program. A comparison of the changes between groups revealed the experimental group to show significantly higher improvement than the control group in all tests.
CONCLUSION: The vestibular stimulation training program helps improve the gait function of stroke patients. Based on the results of this study, it is expected that various vestibular stimulation training programs will be developed and applied in a range of places.
Keywords : Exercise therapy, Gait, Stroke rehabilitation


February 2019, 14 (1)
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