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Effect of Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy on Patients With Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2019;14(1):63-73
Published online February 28, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2019.14.1.63
© 2019 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Na-yoon Kang⋅Beom-seok Park1⋅Min-hee Kim2†

Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Eulji University
1Department of Clinical Pathology, Eulji University
2Department of Physical Therapy, Eulji University
Received August 28, 2018; Revised September 17, 2018; Accepted October 17, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of cardiopulmonary physiotherapy on the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
METHODS: Electronic bibliographic databases of a regional information sharing system (RISS) and PubMed were searched to identify studies with randomized and non-randomized controlled trials. As the final outcome, 320 publications were identified and 18 studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All studies were assessed for the quality of study using Cochrane’s risk of bias.
RESULTS: Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria, in which meta-analysis had been conducted to examine the effectiveness of cardiopulmonary physiotherapy on the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life in patients undergoing PCI. Meta-analysis based on a random effect model showed that the cardiopulmonary physiotherapy was beneficial in improving the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life. In particular, there was a significant effect on the peak oxygen uptake (effect size 5.30%; 95% confidence interval 3.62~6.97). Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy for a during period of 6 weeks or more was effective in significantly improving the cardiopulmonary function and metabolism function in a subgroup analysis, but cardiopulmonary physiotherapy for less than 6 weeks was not effective.
CONCLUSION: Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy has positive effects on the cardiopulmonary function, metabolism, inflammatory markers, and quality of life in patients undergoing PCI.
Keywords : Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy, Coronary artery disease, PCI


February 2019, 14 (1)
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