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Effect of Coordinative Locomotor Training on Postural Imbalance and Gait in Children: A Single Subject Design
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2019;14(3):63-71
Published online August 31, 2019;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2019.14.3.63
© 2019 Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Jeong-A Lee PhD⋅Jin-Cheol Kim PhD

Onmomlab
Received March 13, 2019; Revised March 19, 2019; Accepted May 21, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was examined the effects of coordinative locomotor training (CLT) on the postural imbalance and gait in children.
METHODS: Four children were sampled as subjects. A single subject study (A-B-A’) was conducted by measuring the following: baseline five sessions;, intervention phase, 15 sessions;, and postline (A’) five sessions. The research period was eight weeks. The CLT program consisted of warming-up exercise, main exercise, and finishing exercise, and it was performed for one hour per day. A oneleg standing test (OLST) was performed determine the static balance. A functional reach test (FRT) was performed determine the reactionary balance. To determine the dynamic balance, the time up and go test (TUG) was performed. A 10m walking test (10 MWT) was performed to determine the walking ability. A statistical test was performed through descriptive statistics to present the average and standard deviation, and the variation rate was compared using a visual analysis method with graphs.
RESULTS: As a result of CLT application, all four subjects improved the OLST, FRT, TUG, and 10 MWT compared to the intervention period baseline, and postline period.
CONCLUSION: CLT appeared to improve the posture imbalance and gait in children.
Keywords : Balance, Children, Coordinative locomotor training, Gait, Postural imbalance


August 2019, 14 (3)
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