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The Effects of Physical Function Level and Intensity of Treatment for Rehabilitation on Improvement of Physical Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Follow-up Study for 6 Months
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2018;13(1):27-38
Published online February 28, 2018;
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Bu-Young Kim, PT, MS⋅Young-Ju Yun, MD, Ph.D1⋅Yong-Beom Shin, MD, Ph.D2⋅Soo-Yeon Kim, MD, Ph.D3⋅Tae-Young Oh, PT, Ph.D4†

Dept. of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Silla University
1Dept. of Integrative Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University
2Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University; Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital
3Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine and Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University, Yangsan Hospital
4Dept. of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Silla University
Received September 24, 2017; Revised September 29, 2017; Accepted November 15, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to find out the treatment patterns of Children with cerebral palsy, and to analyze the effect of physical function level and treatment intensity on improvement of physical function in children with cerebral palsy for six months.
METHODS: Participants were 126 children (boys 83, girls 43) diagnosed cerebral palsy that the mean age was at 33months, ranged from 8 months to 77 months. We collected data related on demography and disable characteristic, treatment pattern using by questionnaire constructed ourselves for six months on caregivers. The treatment pattern includes, type, frequency, and institute of treatment. We performed the evaluation of Gross Motor Function Measurement (GMFM) and Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) between pre and post for six months in order to find out improvement of physical function. We analyzed the effect of physical functional level measured by Gross Motor Functional Classification system, age, treatment intensity on physical function using by repeated measures ANOVA for SPSS PC ver. 22.0.
RESULTS: The average of treatment frequency for physical therapy was 5.74 times per week, occupational therapy was 3.96 times, speech therapy was 2.96 times, treatment for accompanying disability was 3.12 times. Physical function level and age was significantly factors affecting improvement of physical function, there was no significant difference according to treatment intensity.
CONCLUSION: We suggest that physical function and age might be important factors on improvement of physical function and professional rehabilitation team must consider the appropriate treatment type customized to each children.
Keywords : Cerebral palsy, Physical function, Treatment intensity for rehabilitation

February 2018, 13 (1)
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