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Relationship between Physical Activity Level and Fall-Proof-related Fitness in Older Female Adults
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2018;13(2):1-9
Published online May 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2018.13.2.1
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Hyun-Tae Ok, MS⋅Kee-Chan Joo, PhD1† ⋅Wan-Soo Kim, PhD2

Dept. of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Chungbuk National University
1Dept. of Clinical Exercise Physiology, Seowon University
2Dept. of Rehabilitation and Health Promotion, Daegu University
Received January 22, 2018; Revised January 31, 2018; Accepted February 26, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between the daily physical activity level and fall-proof-related fitness in older female adults.
METHODS: This study promoted and sampled the subjects who participated in the study for 2 weeks, and developed a basic information questionnaire to select the subjects to be excluded from the research. The amount of energy expenditure through daily physical activity was examined, and the elderly physical fitness, and balance test were analyzed. The subjects were divided into group A (≥1,500 kcal/week), group B (<1,500-≥1,000 kcal/week), and group C (<1,000 kcal/week) according to their daily physical activity level.
RESULTS: A significant difference in the daily physical activity level (energy expenditure), Chair Stand Test (lower body strength), 8-Foot Up-and Go Test (dynamic balance), and CTSIB-M (modified Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction in Balance) was observed among groups A, B, and C (p<.5), but there was no significant difference in the Chair Sit-and-Reach Test (lower body flexibility) (p>.5).
CONCLUSION: The increase in physical activity is an essential factor for preventing falls and it provides many health benefits for the elderly. On the other hand, considering that elderly people cannot access exercise programs easily in Korea, it can be predicted that increasing elderly people's physical activity in daily life rather than specific exercises may help prevent falls.
Keywords : Balance, Elderly, Falls, Physical activity


May 2018, 13 (2)
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