search for


Effects of Self-stretching and Joint Mobilization to Upper Thoracic Vertebrae in Craniovertebral Angle and Autonomic System Function in Chronic Cervical Pain
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2018;13(2):61-68
Published online May 31, 2018;
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Ki-Won Nam⋅Se-Hun Kim⋅Dong-Yel Seo

Department of Physical Therapy, Dongshin University
Received March 15, 2018; Revised March 19, 2018; Accepted March 27, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of self-stretching (SS) and joint mobilization (JM) on pain, craniovertebral angle (CVA), autonomic system function in chronic cervical pain patient with forward head posture (FHP).
METHODS: A total of 30 male college students were selected as study subjects, and were divided into Group Ⅰ (general physical therapy; GPT, n=10), Group Ⅱ (GPT+SS, n=10), Group Ⅲ (GPT+JM, n=10). All groups were evaluated three times a week for 4 weeks. Pain was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS), CVA was measured using digital goniometer and autonomic system function (heart rate; HR, skin conductivity; SC, LF norm, HF norm, LF/HF ratio) was measured by Biofeedback ProComp Infiniti. After 4 weeks, paired t-test was used to compare the changes within the group and one way ANOVA was used to compare those between the groups.
RESULTS: In Group I, VAS was significantly decreased. In Group II and Ⅲ was a significantly change in all items. In comparison between Group I and II was a difference in all items except HR. In comparison between Group I and Ⅲ was a difference in all items. In comparison between Group II and Ⅲ was a difference in VAS, LF norm and LF/HF ratio.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that SS and JM can effectively reduce pain and normalize the autonomic system function.
Keywords : Autonomic system function, CVA, Joint mobilization, Self-stretching

May 2018, 13 (2)
Full Text(PDF) Free

Social Network Service

Cited By Articles
  • CrossRef (0)