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The Effects of Head-lift Exercise on Swallowing Function in Patients with Stroke
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2018;13(2):89-95
Published online May 31, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2018.13.2.89
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Tae-Woo Kang⋅Beom-Ryong Kim1†

Department of Physical Therapy, Wonkwang University Hospital
1Dept. of Physical Therapy, Design Hospital
Received March 30, 2018; Revised April 3, 2018; Accepted April 18, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: We aimed to study the effect of head-lift exercise on the neck strength and swallowing function in patients with stroke.
METHODS: Our study included 20 patients with stroke hemiparesis. All patients were randomly allocated to either the head-lift exercise or the conventional swallowing therapy group, and each group included 10 patients. All patients underwent the exercise over a mean period of 30 min daily for 6 weeks. Neck strength and swallowing function were assessed prior to and 6 weeks following the training period. We used a paired t-test to compare the within-group change before and after the intervention. We used an independent t-test to compare the between-group difference. The statistical significance level was set at α=.05 for all variables.
RESULTS: The head-lift exercise group showed a significant within-group change in terms of the neck strength and swallowing function (p<.05). The conventional swallowing therapy group also showed a statistically significant change (p<.05). A statistically significant difference was observed between the head-lift exercise and the conventional swallowing therapy group with regard to the change in both, the neck strength and swallowing function after application of the intervention (p<.05).
CONCLUSION: This study provides valuable information for future studies in this field. Further studies involving a wider range of patients and a longer experiment span are required to strengthen the results of our study.
Keywords : Head-lift exercise, Neck strength, Stroke, Swallowing function


May 2018, 13 (2)
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