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Relationship among Stress, Anxiety-depression, Muscle Tone, and Hand Strength in Patients with Chronic Stroke: Partial Correlation
J korean soc phys med 2018;13(4):27-33
Published online November 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2018.13.4.27
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Myoung-Kwon Kim, PT, PhD⋅Yu-Won Choe, PT, MS1⋅Seong-Gil Kim, PT, PhD2⋅Eun-Hong Choi, PT, MS1†

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University
1Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University
2Department of Physical Therapy, Uiduk University
Received July 8, 2018; Revised July 27, 2018; Accepted September 14, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the relationships among stress response inventory, hospital anxiety and depression, muscle tone and stiffness, and hand strength in chronic stroke patients.
METHODS: A total of 14 chronic stroke patients voluntarily agreed to this experiment and were included in this study. All measurements were performed in one day and in a room without noise. The tests conducted in this study were as follows: muscle tone and stiffness of the upper trapezius hand grip measurement. Subjects were also asked to complete surveys describing the following: stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression scale.
RESULTS: There were significant correlations among stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression, stress response inventory and hand strength, and hospital anxiety and depression and hand strength (P<.05). There were high positive correlations between stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression (r=.979), while there were moderate negative correlations between stress response inventory and hand strength (r=-.415) and between hospital anxiety and depression and hand strength (r=-.420).
CONCLUSION: The results of the present study indicate that there is a relationship among stress response inventory, hospital anxiety and depression, and hand strength in patients with chronic stroke.
Keywords : Depression, Hand strength, Muscle tone, Stress, Stroke


November 2018, 13 (4)
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