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Effects of Functional Electrical Stimulation Gait Training with Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation on Balance and Gait Ability of Stroke Patients
J korean soc phys med 2018;13(4):95-103
Published online November 30, 2018;  https://doi.org/10.13066/kspm.2018.13.4.95
© 2018 Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Seon-Hwan Kim⋅Young-Min Kim, PT, PhD1

Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Korea National University of Transportation
1Department of Physical Therapy, Korea National University of Transportation
Received September 2, 2018; Revised September 3, 2018; Accepted September 27, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of functional electrical stimulation gait training with rhythmic auditory stimulation on balance and gait ability in stroke patients.
METHODS: In this blinded randomized controlled study, 26 stroke patients were assigned to either experimental group (n=13) consisting of 30 min of gait training 5 days per week for 4 weeks while performing functional electrical stimulation gait training with rhythmic auditory simulation, or a control group (n=13) performing the same gait training program, also consisting of 30 minutes 5 days a week and lasting for 4 weeks, but without functional electrical stimulation and rhythmic auditory stimulation. At baseline and after the 4 week intervention, balance was measured using the timed up and go test (TUG). Gait velocity was measured using the 10-meter walk test (10 MWT) and gait ability was assessed using the functional gait assessment (FGA).
RESULTS: After the intervention, the experimental group showed statistically significant differences in gait velocity and ability (10 MWT, FGA) (p<05). Between-group differences were statistically significant in gait velocity and ability (10 MWT, FGA) (p<.05).
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that functional electrical stimulation gait training with a rhythmic auditory stimulation gait training program may help improve gait ability in stroke patients.
Keywords : Electrical stimulation, Gait, Rhythmic auditory stimulation, Stroke patients


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