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Comparison of Task-oriented Balance Training on Stable and Unstable Surfaces for Fall Risk, Balance, and Gait Abilities of Patients with Stroke
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2019;14(2):89-95
Published online May 31, 2019;
© 2019 Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Tae-Woo Kang, PT, PhD · Beom-Ryong Kim, PT, MS1†

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Welfare, Woosuk University,
1Department of Physical Therapy, Design Hospital
Received December 23, 2018; Revised December 27, 2018; Accepted February 22, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare task-oriented balance training on stable and unstable surfaces in terms of the fall risk, balance, and gait abilities in patients with stroke.
METHODS: Twenty patients with stroke were divided randomly into a stable surface group (SSG, N=10) or unstable surface group (USG, N=10). The participants in the SSG and USG performed task-oriented balance training on stable and unstable surfaces, respectively. All participants were evaluated using the Tetrax, Berg balance scale (BBS), and 10-meter walking test (10MWT) before and after the intervention. Both groups received training 30 min per day, five times per week, for six weeks.
RESULTS: The within-group changes in the fall risk, BBS, and 10MWT were significantly different in both USG and SSG (p<.05). USG showed significantly more improvement in the BBS and 10MWT compared to SSG (p<.05).
CONCLUSION: Task-oriented balance training on an unstable surface is more beneficial in improving the balance and gait abilities of stroke patients.
Keywords : Stable surface, Stroke, Task-oriented balance training, Unstable surface

May 2019, 14 (2)
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