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Effects of a Horse Riding Simulator, Gym-ball and McKenzie Exercises on Back Pain and Balance in Patients with Chronic Back Pain in Their 20s
J Korean Soc Phys Med 2019;14(3):117-126
Published online August 31, 2019;
© 2019 Journal of The Korean Society of Physical Medicine.

Jong-Won Choi⋅Min-Young Kim⋅Sung-Hwa Kim⋅Bo-Hyun Son⋅Su-Min Lee⋅Yu-Jeong Lee⋅ Da-Vin Jang⋅Hyo-Min Je⋅Ki-Hyun Kim, PhD. PT

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Nusing & Health, Kyungwoon University
Received May 29, 2019; Revised July 11, 2019; Accepted August 12, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a horse riding simulator, gym ball, and McKenzie exercises on back pain and static balance.
METHODS: Among 30 participants with chronic back pain and more than 5 points of ODI, 28 participants were selected. Groups of performing either horse riding, gym ball, or McKenzie were chosen randomly to work out two times a week for six weeks. The static balance was measured using a gym plate and the degree of pain was measured by the VAS and K-ODI.
RESULTS: When each exercise was applied to back pain patients, the VAS was changed in all three groups but only in the gym-ball exercise group. The K-ODI varied in all three groups but not in the gym-ball exercise group, In the anterior - posterior static balance, all three groups showed changes, but only the riding exercise group was not significant. In the left-right static balance, all three groups were significant.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that six-week exercise for back pain patients was effective in improving back pain and balance ability. Continuous exercise minimizes the risk of recurrence and is effective in preventing and treating back pain.
Keywords : Horse riding simulator, Gym-ball, McKenzie exercises, Back pain, Balance

August 2019, 14 (3)
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